Tag Archives: Network Mapping

Tour de Table: Climate change relevant news from network members

The following news was provided by the CCE and DRR network members on their countries and regions:

South Africa

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Video reporters Andreas Gerrits, Ueli Mauderli, Jolanda Nasi Mauron

India

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Video reporters Richard Chenevard, Riff Fullan

West Africa

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Video reporters Daniel Maselli, Manuel Stark

Syria

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Video reporter Daniel Maselli

Nicaragua

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Video reporters Daniel Maselli, Jocelyn Ostolaza, Yasmin Jalil, Daniel Proaño

Bolivia

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Video reporters Daniel Maselli, Manuel Stark

DRR Network

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Video reporters Daniel Maselli, Manuel Stark

Lao PDR
Below find Liliane Ortega’s update for the tour de table

Projected climate change  in the Great Mekong Subregion

Up to 2050

  • Increase of temperature of about 1,4°C
  • Irregular changes in rainfall regime: in Lao the wet season will be slightly delayed with the risk of  a false start to the wet season (much rain in April, less in May)Dry season could become drier with serious drought episodes
  • Sea level is expected to rise by 33 cm (consequences in Viet Nam, Cambodge, Myanmar,  but also very much in Thailand which can affect the food export of this country (problem for Lao)
  • The impact of glacier melt is negligible in the two mains catchments whose Mekong.

Impact on agriculture by 2050

  • In the GMS region, warmer condition can reduce yields of crops by preventing pollination. For example rice yields decrease by 10% for every 1°c increase.
  • New pest difficulties

In Lao, there are some the change in bioclimatic suitability seems to be  positive for several crops and negative for others. For example the production of fruit in the northern upland could become possible in a next future, while they could be difficult for Arabica coffee in South of Lao. Now the consequence of these new patterns on the rural communities are still very unknown.  Adapting to CC by building resilient communities is of course the first priority which goes through lifting them out of poverty (most donors and int. institutions are focusing on this).

The Government of Lao has a CC strategy which includes adaptation but does not provide any special analysis of the different regions of the country. This strategic also includes mitigation as part of its commitment. Thus there is a strict prohibition of slash and burn all over the country. This decision is currently creating a problematic situation for the  livelihood of the upland poor farmers, mostly ethnic groups.  Several development actors are now supporting the communities to organize the use of rotational cultivation in a more rational way, while they advocate towards the GoL to revise partly its decision on the slash and burn and include it in the participative land use approach.

REDD

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has be-come an important driver in project development in the forest sector over the past two years in Lao PDR. During 2009, there was a flourish of pilot activities and new projects under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) sponsored mainly by bilateral government efforts. In 2009, the Department of Forestry and REDD Task Force committed considerable time planning and preparing documents for donors to support future REDD+ activities in Lao PDR.

GoL acknowledges, institutional strengthen-ing, and capacity building at all levels which is currently supported by donors.. Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) provided a number of workshops, training opportunities and reports across a broad spectrum of REDD+ areas and cross cutting themes including biodiversity and rural development.

Nevertheless, the issue of including the forest population (ethnic groups) into the process is still low. This is why we are now considering to support a project:  Climate Change Partnership with Indigenous Peoples: Promoting Rights-based, Equitable and Pro-poor REDD-strategies in South and Southeast Asia 2010-13

This project is implemented by two international NGOs IWGIA  (International working Group on Indigenous people in Asia) and AIPP (Asian Indigenous People Partnership)

The overall goal of the project is to promote approaches in national REDD strategies that take both long-term forest conservation and the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples into account.

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